While the entire world now focuses on euro crisis, have you ever acknowledged that we human being are threatened by a water crisis? The term is generally used to describe a situation where the available water within a region is less than the region’s demand. Another term you must be more familiar with is “Water scarcity”. Living in a country with sufficient water supply, for example, you can access to clean water simply through the tap in your kitchen, you may never be aware of how serious the problem is. Here are some facts from the WHO (World Health Organization).
Does water necessarily caused by lack of rainfall?
No, volume of rainfall definitely make a difference, but water scarcity occurs even in areas where there is plenty of rainfall or freshwater.
How serious is water scarcity in global extend?
Water scarcity affects one in three people on every continent of the globe. The situation is getting worse as needs for water rise along with population growth, urbanization and increases in household and industrial uses.
Which part of the world has been hit harder?
The answer no doubt is “developing countries”. Almost one fifth of the world’s population (about 1.2 billion people) live in areas where the water is physically scarce. One quarter of the global population also live in developing countries that face water shortages due to a lack of infrastructure to fetch water from rivers and aquifers.
What’s the risk triggered by lack of water?
Poor water quality can increase the risk of such diarrhoeal diseases as cholera, typhoid fever and dysentery, and other water-borne infections. Water scarcity can lead to diseases such as trachoma (an eye infection that can lead to blindness), plague and typhus as water scarcity encourages people to store water in their homes. This can increase the risk of household water contamination and provide breeding grounds for mosquitoes – which are carriers of dengue fever, malaria and other diseases.
Have it affected the related industry?
Yes. A lack of water has driven up the use of wastewater for agricultural production in poor urban and rural communities. More than 10% of people worldwide consume foods irrigated by wastewater that can contain chemicals or disease-causing organisms.
While you are shunned by the facts, does it ever occur to you that it could be a opportunity to earn from it? Follows our later post and you will see.